Using of titanium plate
Titanium plates are mainly used to make aircraft engine compressor parts, followed by structural parts for rockets, missiles and high-speed aircraft. In the mid-1960s, titanium and its alloys have been used in general industry to make electrodes in the electrolysis industry, condensers in power stations, heaters for petroleum refining and desalination, and environmental pollution control devices. Titanium and its alloys have become a kind of corrosion-resistant structural materials. It is also used to produce hydrogen storage materials and shape memory alloys. China began research on titanium and titanium plates in 1956; in the mid-1960s, industrialized production of titanium materials began and developed into TB2 alloy.
Titanium has high strength, and the tensile strength of pure titanium can reach up to 180kg/mm2. Some steels are stronger than titanium alloys, but the specific strength (the ratio of tensile strength to density) of titanium alloys exceeds that of high-quality steels. Titanium alloy has good heat resistance, low temperature toughness and fracture toughness, so it is mostly used as aircraft engine parts and rocket and missile structural parts. Titanium alloy can also be used as fuel and oxidant storage tanks and high-pressure vessels. Now there are automatic rifles, mortar seat plates and recoilless gun launch tubes made of titanium alloy. In the petroleum industry, it is mainly used for various containers, reactors, heat exchangers, distillation towers, pipelines, pumps and valves. Titanium can be used as electrodes and condensers in power stations and environmental pollution control devices. Titanium-nickel shape memory alloys have been widely used in instruments. In medical treatment, titanium can be used as artificial bones and various appliances. Titanium is also a deoxidizer for steelmaking and a component of stainless steel and alloy steel. Titanium dioxide is a good raw material for pigments and paints. Titanium carbide, carbon (hydrogen) titanium is a new type of cemented carbide material. Titanium nitride has a color close to gold and is widely used in decoration.
Titanium plate is a new important structural material used in the aerospace industry. Its specific gravity, strength and service temperature are between aluminum and steel, but it has high specific strength and excellent seawater corrosion resistance and ultra-low temperature performance. In 1950, the United States used it for the first time on F-84 fighter-bombers as non-load-bearing components such as rear fuselage heat shields, wind deflectors, and tail covers. Starting in the 1960s, the use of titanium plates moved from the rear fuselage to the middle fuselage, partially replacing structural steel to make bulkheads.
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